1970

► Louis Rudolph Franz Schlegelberger, Secretary of State in the Ministry of Justice and the Reich Minister of Justice in the Third Reich, was the main accused of war crimes and crimes against humanity in the process of judges at the American military tribunal in Nuremberg. He was sentenced to life in prison.

Franz Schlegelberger (at the microphone) before the Nuremberg Tribunal in 1947 (source:    learning-from-history.de   )

Franz Schlegelberger (at the microphone) before the Nuremberg Tribunal in 1947 (source: learning-from-history.de)

However in 1950 like other German criminals Franz Schlegelberger was released from prison for health reasons. He was 74 years. Over the next 20 years - until his death in 1970 - he was receiving a retirement pension of 2,894 Deutschmark (for comparison: the average monthly wage in Germany was at that time 535 DM).
► April 2nd. At the village cemetery in Santa Rosa de Calamuchita in the Argentinian Cordoba state an unusual funeral ceremony was held. Despite that the remains belonged to the high Cordoba State dignitary, the owner of the Santa Rosa farm, the coffin was covered with not Argentinian but German official banner: red, white and black, like the flag of imperial Germany. When the coffin was lowered into the tomb with the name of Carlos Luecke on it old men standing in Nazi salute with the right hands raised up to "Heil Hitler" roared full throats "Ich hatt einen Kameraden" (I had a friend) - an old German military song played at funeral ceremonies. Friends of the deceased Argentinian high society member and frequenters at the most elegant places in Cordoba and Buenos Aires could not hide the tears of sadness. On the next day in several leading Argentinian and German newspapers sold in Argentina obituary was published explaining the mystery of the ceremony in Santa Rosa:
The announcement of death. My dearest friend, a good father, grandfather, brother in law and brother Hermann Ludolf von Alvensleben. Landlord of Schochwitz, Krimpe and Wilde, Lieutenant General SS died on April 1, 1970, leaving in mourning Melitta von Alvensleben, née von Guaita Busso von Alvensleben.
In the obituary the family did not inform that Ludolf Hermann von Alvensleben, Waffen SS General (see year 1964), was in truth the Santa Rosa dignitary buried the same day, who as Carlos Luecke:
- Resided continuously in Argentina since 1949 with the knowledge and consent of President Peron,
- Received a permanent citizenship in 1952, even though it was known who Carlos Luecke really was and although his name was on the international list of Nazi war criminals, in 1952 he also acquired properties Villa Maria and Santa Rosa, and then Cavada de las Mulles and hunting lodge Villa el Mirador,
- For many years he was the president of football club Atletico Clubo Union,
- He was the Cordoba State director of the department of fisheries and hunting.
So that was his life in Argentina - among many other war criminals, who as him found peaceful, prosperous and safe place in that country. British documentary filmmaker Laurens Rees researched many Nazi criminals living in Argentina. It turned out that those Nazis who were never punished, living among friends with a sense of security and prosperity could also afford a disarming sincerity. Wilfred von Oven, the personal secretary to Josef Goebbels, when asked: "If you could summarize your experience of the Third Reich in one word, what would it be?" he replied - "Well, if I should summarize my life during the Third Reich in one word, it would be - paradise".

Hitler Youth rally, Berlin Sportpalast, February 13, 1939: Reichsfrauenführerin Gertrud Scholtz-Klink, Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler, Rudolf Hess, Reichsjugendführer Baldur von Schirach, HJ-Obergebietsführer Artur Axmann; SS-Oberführer Ludolf von Alvensleben standing behind Himmler.

Hitler Youth rally, Berlin Sportpalast, February 13, 1939: Reichsfrauenführerin Gertrud Scholtz-Klink, Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler, Rudolf Hess, Reichsjugendführer Baldur von Schirach, HJ-Obergebietsführer Artur Axmann; SS-Oberführer Ludolf von Alvensleben standing behind Himmler.

► December 7th. Signing the agreement between the Polish People's Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany on basis for relations normalization between the two countries by Józef Cyrankiewicz and Willy Brandt in Warsaw. The agreement didn't fully clarify the German-Polish border. The borders determined at the international conferences in Potsdam and Yalta were not recognized by Germany until 20 years later, that is in total 45 years after the end of the war. Until year 1990 the Polish people leaving in the region of West Poland were treated as the "population replacement" in the "East Germany".

Before signing the documents Willy Brandt traveled along with the German delegation to the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier where he laid a wreath and paid tribute to the killed Poles. Then he went to the site of the former Warsaw Jewish ghetto to lay a wreath at the Monument to the Ghetto Heroes. Afterwards Willy Brandt suddenly knelt on the steps of the monument, bowing his head with clasped hands and remained there for few moments. This gesture made history and is known as Warschauer Kniefall. It was recognized internationally as gesture of humility and penance however at that time in Poland interpreted differently - as a tribute to the Polish land under the "wrong" monument. Moreover according to a Der Spiegel survey of the time, 48% of all West Germans thought the "Kniefall" was excessive.

The German expellees organizations accused Brandt that by accepting the western Polish borders on the Oder and Neisse he committed adultery, sealing the loss of the territories east of the Oder river.