1969

Werner Best, guilty of murder of 8 723 000 people, was arrested briefly. The history of this criminal is shocking. He was a typical "Schreibtischtaeter" killer from behind a desk. Capable lawyer, educated at the best universities, a member of the Nazi Party and SS, a high Gestapo official in Berlin headquarters, organizer of the Main Reich Security Office (RSHA) - the institution co-responsible for the Holocaust. He carried out the extermination program of the Jews and the liquidation of the Polish intelligentsia.

The public execution under the walls of prison in Leszno - Operation Tannenberg 21 October 1939 (source:    www.grzybno.info.pl/wspomnienia_tannenberg.php   )

The public execution under the walls of prison in Leszno - Operation Tannenberg 21 October 1939 (source: www.grzybno.info.pl/wspomnienia_tannenberg.php)

In 1948 a court in Copenhagen sentenced Werner Best to death but under pressure from the German authorities he was released from prison already in 1951. The Nazi who never showed a shadow of remorse or even "consciousness of his lawlessness acts" (source: "Das Parliament" magazine) served as an "expert" to Western historians. After returning from Denmark he lived in Mulheim and worked as a legal deputy for the Hugo Stinnes company. In 1958 he was sentenced by the denazification court for participation in the SS leadership to a fine of 70 thousand marks. Being already "cleared" Best could freely get involved in the politics and became an influential Free Deomocratic Party politician in the North Rhine-Westphalia. As a politician he effectively dealt with - quoting "Wochenpost" Berlin - "protecting old comrades in arms". Best appeared as a defense witness in the trials of German war criminals. Also he was finding other witnesses who filed false evidence before the courts. And all this under his own name. He didn't change his name cause "he was too well-known anyway"("Wochenpost"). In 1969 Werner Best was arrested again on charges of organizing mass murder in occupied Poland but was released for health reasons. He died 20 years later in 1989 at the age of 86 and was not disturbed by the German judiciary. It was not until two weeks before his death that the prosecutor's office in Duesseldorf filed a court request to initiate the new process.
► Federal Ministry for Migration and Refugees work on integration of newcomers after the war was considered to be successfully completed. Until 1969 the spending on so-called integration of "expellees" was closed with a huge sum of 100 billion DM (Deutsche Mark).
► April 21st. Arnold Strippel left the prison in Butzbach. This was a typical story of the war criminals prosecution and punishment by the German justice system.

Arnold Strippel

Arnold Strippel

SS-Obersturmfuhrer Arnold Strippel was one of the SS officers serving in concentration camps. His favorite methods of torture were beating prisoners stretched on a special trestle with the baton or whip and hanging them by the wrists on tree branches.
Initially after the war Arnold Strippel was hiding but in 1948 he was recognized by former Buchenwald prisoner. German police arrested him. Strippel's process began on 31 May 1949 in Frankfurt am Main. He was charged with the murder of 21 Jewish prisoners in Buchenwald and many other mistreatments. He was sentenced to 21-fold life imprisonment and additional 10 years in prison. On 21 April 1969 Strippel was released from prison in Butzbach and five months later another trial started against him for crimes in Buchenwald. This time the court in Frankfurt decided that Strippel did not personally shot any of the 21 Jewish prisoners, set aside the judgment of 1949 and sentenced him to 5 years imprisonment. In addition the court found that Strippel already was in prison for longer than that so he received 121 500 DM as compensation for too long prison sentence (!). Then he lived undisturbed until 1975 when he got arrested and tried in the third process of the Majdanek crew. For participation in the murder of 41 Soviet war prisoners Strippel was sentenced to 3,5 years in prison. Then in December 1983 the prosecutor in Hamburg directed against Strippel new court indictment in connection with the murder in Bullenhuser Damm (the murder of 20 children subjected to pseudo-medical experiments). The charge was recognized, however because of poor health Strippel was not able to appear before the court and the proceedings were discontinued. He died 10 years later on 1 May 1994 in Frankfurt.
► The creation of a far-right youth organization Junge Nationaldemokraten JN (Young National Democrats). Young Democrats are called the NPD revolutionary wing. They are closely linked to the neo-Nazi NPD party - have the same program but are more radical. JN chairman is always also the NPD board member. JN aim is to spread among children and youth extremist ideology. JN activists in the guise of educational work - want in fact shape the views and attitudes of young people towards the extreme right.

(source:  blog.zeit.de)

(source: blog.zeit.de)

They organize various events, festivals, camps, give private lessons, have their own football team. Observers of the political scene in Germany noticed the similarity of JN to the Hitlerjugendfrom the time of the Third Reich. JN is considered by the special services as the strongest neo-Nazis group in Germany.
► October 10th. Kurt Blome died. He was a high-rank Nazi scientist. During World War II Blome was the Third Reich health deputy minister. Blome was an expert on biological and bacteriological warfare. He was interested in "carcinogenic substances for military purposes" and "carcinogenic viruses." In 1942 Blome was the director of the unit associated with the Central Institute of Cancer at the Poznan University. Blome worked on spreading and storage methods of biological agents such as plague, cholera, anthrax and typhoid. He was conducting vaccine tests deliberately infected prisoners. Blome was an expert in the field of aerosols and dispersants. He was using these methods to induce malaria in humans. He was also known for his experiments in Auschwitz, when he sprayed substances such as tabun and sarin on prisoners from a plane.
In March 1945 Blome escaped from Poznan just before the Red Army entry. He did not manage to destroy the evidence of his experiments that's why so much was known about his methods of torture. On 17 May 1945 Kurt Blome was arrested by the US Counter Intelligence Corps agents in Munich. He was tried in the process of doctors in 1947 on charges of practicing euthanasia and experiments on humans. However by the shocking decision of the court: Blome was acquitted.

Kurt Blome

Kurt Blome

In 1951 Blome was hired by the US Army Chemical Corps as part of the "Project 63" which was the successor to the Operation Paperclip (see year 1945). He was also employed at the European Command Intelligence Centre in Oberursel where he worked on chemical warfare projects. Blome also conducted cancer research. Some biographies reported that Blome was arrested by the French authorities and sentenced to 20 years in prison. However other historians denied this because there was no information on whether he went to a prison and to which one. Most sources indicated that he died on 10 October 1969 in Dortmund at the age of 75.