1965

► July 2nd. The "Braunbuch" ("Brown Book") written by Albert Norden was published in East Germany containing a list of Nazi officers occupying high-profile jobs in all areas of life in the Federal Republic of Germany. "Brown Book" listed 1 800 West German politicians and prominent figures that came directly from the Nazi government structure, army and police (in the third edition of the Book there were more than 2 300 names). The publication presented biographies of 15 ministers and West German secretaries of state, 100 admirals and generals, 828 judges and lawyers, 245 employees of the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs occupying key positions in consulates and embassies, as well as 297 police officers. Also details and biographies of Nazi war criminals who were not punished in Germany for their crimes were published. In 1981 as a revenge a similar book was issued in Western Germany titled "The Brown Book of the GDR" which contained 876 names.

Fragment of "Braunbuch" (source:  http://www.osta.ee/braunbuch-1965-17952569.html )

Fragment of "Braunbuch" (source: http://www.osta.ee/braunbuch-1965-17952569.html)

"Idealist feels good knowing that he is a fellow citizen of Goethe, Kant and Hegel. But with Goebbels, Göring, Heydrich and Himmler he does not want to have anything in common. And yet, if the nation and the state are to be meaningful political terms, they have to specify a group of people that occurs in history as a community, then all that happens is on that community dependent. In this case [...] in some way everyone has contributed to Auschwitz. And everyone should find in themselves their share of that contribution "- a quotation from a book by the German writer Martin Walser under the revealing title "Our Auschwitz" (German "Unser Auschwitz").
► Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer, doctor, biologist, eugenicist, a Nazi Party member and highly regarded professor at the Frankfurt University came up to his "well-deserved" retirement. Before the war von Verschuer was a head of the Biology of Genetic and Racial Hygiene Institute. He was awarded his academic habilitation on studies of twins. In 1936 Verschuer became a professor at the Goethe University of Frankfurt. In the same year he became an expert in the field of biology at the Advisory Board of the Institute for Research into the Jewish Question. One of the most active students of professor Von Verschuer and his PhD student was Josef Mengele, the "Angel of Death".

Josef Mengele and his mentor Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer; in the background photo of twins who have undergone their criminal experiments (source:  http://www.cinziaricci.it/resistenze/image076.htm )

Josef Mengele and his mentor Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer; in the background photo of twins who have undergone their criminal experiments (source: http://www.cinziaricci.it/resistenze/image076.htm)

It was Josef Mengele from whom von Verschuer received during the war hundreds of bodies needed for their "research". After the war Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer continued his scientific career and was one of greatly respected scientists in Germany. He published a lot and was very active. In 1949 he founded the German Academy of Sciences in Mainz. Since 1951 he was a professor of genetics and the first chairman of the newly created Institute of Human Genetics at the Münster University, as well as a dean of the Faculty of Medicine. In 1952 he became a President of the German Society of Anthropology. Verschuer died on 8th August 1969 in a car accident.