1974

► April 2nd. The end of the court trial of Eugenia Pohl in a regional court - she was one of the most cruel "educators" in the children's camp in Lodz, called "Little Auschwitz". Although thirty years have passed since the camp was closed, one of the witnesses recognizing Eugenia Pohl in the courtroom lost her consciousness.

Plan of the Camp by Przemyslowa Street based on a map made by J. Witkowski, author of the book "The Nazi concentration camp for minors in Lodz"; red color indicates the existing today headquarters building (source:    pl.wikipedia.org   )

Plan of the Camp by Przemyslowa Street based on a map made by J. Witkowski, author of the book "The Nazi concentration camp for minors in Lodz"; red color indicates the existing today headquarters building (source: pl.wikipedia.org)

For twenty-five years, since the moment she escaped from the liberated camp, Eugenia Pohl lived at her home in Lodz, Chełmońska Street 16a. There are indications that the criminal had a protector at high position who managed to change her name in the population register.

Concentration camp for children in Lodz called "Little Auschwitz" (German: Polen-Jugendverwahrlager der Sicherheitspolizei in Litzmannstadt) was existing in the city of Lodz in the years 1942-1945, in an area separated from the Lodz ghetto (today's Szare Szeregi Park). In total in the camp lived several thousand children aged 2 to 16 years old. The exact number is not known because the camp authorities falsified records, undercut the number of deaths and in 1945 fleeing the Red Army destroyed most of the documents. The first prisoners that arrived at the camp on 11 December 1942 were: number one Zdzisio Włoszczyński, number two - Halinka Szturma, number three Miecio Wlazło... Daily there were more than a thousand children in the camp. The mortality rate was enormous. The children were decimated by the exhaustion of overwork, untreated diseases, hunger, fatal beatings and pseudo-medical experiments. Longing for mothers, family, profound psychological disorientation, constant terror and physical pain were depriving them of a will to live. A separate group of prisoners were children dedicated for Germanization and export to Germany. The racial selections were attended by representatives of the Central Office of Race and Settlement (RuSHA - Rasse- und Siedlungshauptamt). The main selection criterion was the Aryan appearance: blue eyes, fair skin, blond hair. Children classified as "racially valuable" were deported to the Reich. It is estimated that about 200,000 Polish children were deported to Germany. After the war only 10% of them were found.

Monument Fractured Heart dedicated to the camp small prisoners, Przemyslowa Street in Lodz

Monument Fractured Heart dedicated to the camp small prisoners, Przemyslowa Street in Lodz

"Educator" Eugenia Pohl was sentenced to 25 years imprisonment. She served it, among others, in Rawicz, believing to the end that she was a victim of a conspiracy.

► Press reports from the Schleswig-Holstein Minister of Justice revealed SS-Obersturmbannführer Ernst Ehlers' workplace. Intensive investigation by Parisian lawyer Serge Klarsfeld and his wife Beate led to the disclosure of the identity and the place of residence of Ehlers already at the beginning of 1960, but criminal superiors denied that he was their employee. Only press articles in 1974 were indisputable proofs that Ernst Ehlers was employed as an assistant judge in the Administrative Court of Schleswig. He worked there since 1957 and two years later got appointed Verwaltungsgerichtsrat. Bringing him to justice was delayed for decades. In 1974 the criminal went for an early retirement. German courts repeatedly rejected the accusations against Ehlers. In May 1976 a group of demonstrators from Belgium with a television crew protested in front of the Ernst Ehlers' house in Schleswig. They hung a banner from the window demanding: "Convict the Nazi criminal Ehlers, who is responsible for the deaths of 25,000 Jews from Belgium".

„DER SPIEGEL” 12/1980 „NS-PROZESSE  Zur Maschine gemacht ”, 17.03.1980(source:  http://loosendsdotme.com/tag/holocaust/ )

„DER SPIEGEL” 12/1980 „NS-PROZESSE Zur Maschine gemacht”, 17.03.1980(source: http://loosendsdotme.com/tag/holocaust/)

The Ehlers sentencing case was many times ... handed over, sent back, cancelled, until the District Court in Kiel decided to initiate the process. The first hearing was scheduled for November 26, 1980. Shortly before the trial, on October 4 Ernst Ehlers committed suicide.

► Just one error in the date - 1974 instead of 1947 and Gustav Wagner could continue to live peacefully and safely in Brazil. The mistake was made by an interpreter who translated into Portuguese launched by the West German authorities an extradition request. The Supreme Court of Brazil took this error as an opportunity to refuse the extradition of former SS-Oberscharführer. Wagner was the second highest officer of the SS at Sobibor and the fanatical Nazi who was responsible for an efficient and effective conduct of mass extermination of Jews.

Gustav Wagner (on the right, in the center Franz Stangl) during a dinner at Sobibor (source:    http://www.forosegundaguerra.com/viewtopic.php?t=16297   )

Gustav Wagner (on the right, in the center Franz Stangl) during a dinner at Sobibor (source: http://www.forosegundaguerra.com/viewtopic.php?t=16297)

Gustav Wagner was responsible for the murder of 152 000 Jews at Sobibor. For his merits he was awarded the Iron Cross. Wagner was described by survivors of the camp as a brutal sadist who liked to kill and mistreat his victims. He was one of the worst torturers of the camp. One witness testified that Wagner "would not start his dinner until he killed someone with an ax, a shovel, or his own hands."

Along with another criminal Franz Stangl and a help of, among others, Bishop Alois Hudal, he fled through Syria to Brazil. Wagner lived quietly in Sao Paulo until May 1978 when he was recognized as the Sobibor deputy commandant and arrested by Brazilian authorities. However Brazilian government rejected the extradition requests of Israel, Poland and Austria. Brazil's Supreme Court also refused to release Wagner to German authorities. Gustav Wagner was found dead on 3 October 1980 in Sao Paulo (Brazil) with a knife in his chest. His lawyer said that Wagner committed suicide but it was more likely that he was murdered by an unspecified group of Jews.

► October 18th. The Odessa File movie premiere. The film was based on a novel by Frederick Forsyth published in the same year under the same title. It has been translated into about 30 languages and sold over 10 million copies. Both the novel and the movie aroused great interest and recalled that despite the fact that 30 years passed since the end of the war the justice was not served

Most of the war criminals escaped punishment and under changed names worked, conducted business, getting rich and living in luxury - that was outrageous back in 1974 as it is today... (more on Odessa - see year 1951).