1953

 

► The widow of Hans Frank, Brigitte Marie Frank publishes her husband's diary, edited by herself, 643 pages long , written by Hans Frank in his cell in Nuremberg. Diary is a kind of settling of accounts with the era and a sign of his own megalomania. Brigitte Frank gave it a title "Im Schatten des Galgens" ("In a shadow of the gallows"). She earned 300 000 marks for the publication, without paying any tax. Here is an excerpt from that diary:
"If we finally win the war, then I will have no objections to make into hash the Poles, Ukrainians and everything else that is wandering around (...) If I had to put up a poster for every seven Poles shot, the forests of Poland would not be sufficient to manufacture the paper" (...) "Poland does not dare to ever rise again."
And here is what years later Hans and Brigitte's son Niklas Frank would write about the war times:
"They all enjoyed the elegantly furnished apartments of expelled Jewish and Polish owners. »How pleasant is the life of a German women« - scribbled Brigitte (...). The German wife considered war as being equitable. None of them doubted Führer. They were happy to adopt the morality of the murderous master nation. Spiritually the German women were devoted to Hitler, in flesh they were giving themselves to new men, while their husbands dying at the front in some dirty trenches. After the war, very seldom they were feeling any remorse. The vast majority of these women did not ask their husbands what they were doing. They did not want to know about the war crimes committed against innocent women and children, or against "inferior races", or "unworthy slaves".
The women also blurred the truth - like their husbands, sons, fathers and lovers "(...)
"Do not feel sorry for yourselves when you were bombarded by the British, raped by the Russians, expelled by the Poles - but tell how you were taking over the Jewish housing, how you were pushing the men to joined the party, how you were taking advantage of what they brought for you from the conquered countries. And admit that you were not different to Brigitte who used to say: »We women surpass our husbands, because our conscience is woven from creaseless silk«" (Niklas Frank Meine deutsche Mutter).


► League of Expellees and Deprived of Rights got 5.9% of the votes in federal elections and entered the Bundestag.
► May 19th. The Federal Law on Refugees and Exiles. The German government adopts a law regulating the legal situation of refugees and expellees from the former eastern territories of the German Reich, as well as other areas of Central and Eastern Europe (Bundesvertriebenengesetz). It included also children already born in Germany. The expellee status was given also to the German "colonists" who during the war were deployed on Polish territory, settling in apartments, homes and farms brutally taken from the Poles. In years 1939-1945 the German occupants forcibly displaced about 2 million 478 thousand Poles. Therefore the number of expelled Germans was growing - initially the status had about 8 million people (1948), later on about 16 million (1985).
► October 27th. Despite numerous protests of the public, Hans Globke became a secretary of state in the government of Adenauer and Chancellor's right hand man.
This is one example of continuity of the elite governing personnel from the National Socialist Third Reich to the German Federal Republic.

Draft of the Anti-Jewish Law with Hans Globke signature, 10 December 1937

Draft of the Anti-Jewish Law with Hans Globke signature, 10 December 1937

Globke was the co-author of the Nuremberg racial laws. On 25 April 1938 he was praised by the Reich Interior Minister Wilhelm Frick as "the most efficient and effective officer in my ministry". The praise was about his "extraordinary efforts in drafting the Law on Protection of German Blood" and creation of anti-Semitic laws. Hans Globke, number 101 on the list of indicted war criminals, escaped conviction in the trial because of his testimony as a witness against Nazi colleagues. Besides that he was helped by his friend Robert Kempner, who emigrated to the US before the war in 1935, and was acting as one of the Nuremberg Trials prosecutors. In 1963 the GDR Supreme Court sentenced Globke in absentia to life imprisonment. In the same year Globke received the Grand Cross of Merit in West Germany. Since 1949 Hans Globke as the head of the Federal Chancellery became the key architect of post-war Germany.
During his time in the office each of the three IG Farben successor companies, i.e. Bayer, BASF and Hoechst became more powerful than their parent company ever was.
► A high-ranking war criminal Heinz Lammerding is sentenced to death in absentia by a court in Bordeaux, France. But Germany refused to extradite him. Brigadeführer Waffen -SS Heinz Lammerding "specialized" in the massacre of French civilians.
On 8 June 1944 he was a commander ordering the massacred in Tulle. 120 people were selected for execution by hanging, "nooses hung from trees, lampposts, and balconies".
99 men were cruelly tortured before death.  Lammerding was also responsible for the destruction of Oradour - sur - Glane village on 10 June 1944 and the murder of all 642 of its residents, including 245 women, 207 children and 190 men.

Heinz Lammerding was never punished for his crimes. He was effectively protected by the German state. He lived in Düsseldorf where he ran a thriving construction company until his death in 1971.