1950

► If Eva Braun did not commit suicide together with her newly wedded husband Adolf Hitler and if after the war she lived in Germany as a war widow she the could calim the "Opferrente" - an addition to the pension for West German war victims. The "Act on retirement of people affected by war" of 1950 specified term "victim" nothing like we understand it today. Even in the 90s "Opferrente" was received by Germans convicted of crimes and the Waffen-SS members as long as they suffered any injuries during the war.

► January 8th. In the federal state of Schleswig-Holstein Waldemar Kraft founded political party Bloc of Expellees and of those Deprived of Rights BHE (German: Der Bund der Heimatvertriebenen und Entrechteten). Already half a year later in the state elections the party got 23.4% of the votes which was more than the CDU. The party was soon renamed to All-German Bloc/League of Expellees and Deprived of Rights (Gesamtdeutscher Block / Bund der Heimatvertriebenen und Entrechteten, GB / BHE). Hauptsturmführer SS Waldemar Kraft was an activist of the German minority already in pre-war Poland. In 1939-1941 Kraft was a specialist in the agricultural matters and executed the expulsion of Polish farmers from Greater Poland (Polish: Wielkopolska) and settling in their place Germans in the action Heim ins Reich. After the war he became an expellees activist and a spokesman for the Wisła –Warta Landsmannschaft Organization (Weichsel-Warthe Landsmannschaft). BHE party activist was also a war criminal Heinz Reinefarth (see below). Party policy focused on the restoration of the German Empire in the borders of 1937 or even 1940. In the years 1954-1955 chairman of the GB / BHE was another ex-Nazi Theodor Oberländer, who at the same time was a Federal Minister for Displaced Persons, Refugees and War Victims in the government of Chancellor Konrad Adenauer.
In 1958 Oberländer was awarded the Grand Cross with Star and Sash of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany and in 1986 the Bavarian Order of Merit.
► March. Commissioner McCloy (see 1947, 1949) was given a task of appointing the new head of the West German Secret Service. After discussing the matter with Frank Wisner of the CIA McCloy decided to choose the Nazi war criminal Reinhard Gehlen. During the war Gehlen was the head of military intelligence in the Eastern Front. Today we know that before the war McCloy often traveled to Berlin. In 1936 McCloy met with Rudolf Hess. Summer Olympics of 1936 McCloy watched from the lodge with Adolf Hitler and Herman Goering. The McCloy's law firm was representing the IG Farben concern.

► May 11th. Completion of the denazification. The law passed on the May 11th by the Bundestag officially ends the process of denazification in the three western zones of Germany.

The act is being criticized from the very beginning. The Germans themselves called the procedure Persilscheinverfahren - literally "Persil ticket method" - meaning "washed clean" from any former Nazis connections (name from Persil washing powder).

► Throughout the summer and fall of 1950 McCloy assured the French that "he makes continuous efforts to locate Klaus Barbie." In fact he was not looking for the criminal because he knew already where this man lived. Klaus Barbie was hiding in the house of the CIC in the American zone in Germany. McCloy all the time denied that he had any knowledge on this subject. Klaus Barbie was hired by the United States Counter-Intelligence Corps CIC and was receiving a salary for his work. In March 1951 Barbie was smuggled into Bolivia where he led a sheltered life.

► July 6th. Treaty of Zgorzelec. Recognition by the East Germany of the border on the Oder-Neisse line. It was the first formal recognition of the Polish western border. For the Federal Republic of Germany the former eastern territories remained an area of "population replacement" under an "interim administration".

► August 5th in Cannstadt near Stuttgart the "Proclamation of the Germans expelled from their homeland" was announced by the Central Association of German Expellees and the United East Landsmanshaft (Charta der deutschen Heimatvertriebenen). It bears the signatures of all the chairmen of the national associations of the Central Association of German Expellees as well as all the Landsmanschaft spokesmen.

Protest of displaced Germans in August 1950, Stuttgart

Protest of displaced Germans in August 1950, Stuttgart

The second meeting of German Silesians in Munich in 1951 - speaks Minister Jakob Kaiser (source: archive images "Prussian cultural heritage"  http://www.blz.bayern.de/blz/eup/01_10/2.asp )

The second meeting of German Silesians in Munich in 1951 - speaks Minister Jakob Kaiser (source: archive images "Prussian cultural heritage" http://www.blz.bayern.de/blz/eup/01_10/2.asp)

In the "Proclamation of the Germans expelled from their homeland" there is nothing mentioned about the reasons for the population displacement making them victims along all other war victims.
Here is the content of the document:

Conscious of their responsibility before God and men, conscious of their affiliation to the Western Christian community of Europe, conscious of their German origin, and realizing the common task of all nations of Europe, the elected representatives of millions of expellees, having careful deliberation and after having searched their conscience have resolved to make public a solemn declaration to the German people and to the entire world, defing both the duties and the rights which the German expellees consider their basic law, and an absolute indispensable pre-condition for the establishment of a free and united Europe.
1. We, the expellees, renounce all thought of revenge and retaliation. Our resolution is a solemn and sacred in memory of the infinite suffering brought upon mankind, particularly during the past decade.
2. We shall support with all our strength every endeavour directed towards the establishment of a united Europe, in which the nations may live In freedom from fear and coercion.
3. We shall contribute, by hard and untiring work, to the reconstruction of Germany and Europe.
We have lost our homeland. The homeless are strangers on the face of the earth. God himself placed men In their native land. To separate a man forcibly from his native land means to kill him in his mind.
We have suffered and experienced this fate. We therefore call upon to demand that the right to our native land be recognized and be realized, as one of the basic rights of man, granted to him by God.
However as long as this right has not been materialized for us, we do not want to stand aside under imposed inactivity, but rather want to strive and work with all members of our nation in new, purified forms of brotherly and considerate cooperation.
For this reason, we claim and demand, today as in the past:
1. Equal rights as citizens, not merely before the law, but also in every-day life.
2. Just and reasonable distribution of the burdens of the last war among the entire German people, and an honest application of this principle.
3. Reasonable integration of all professional groups of expellees into the life of the German people.
4. Incorporation of the German expellees into the reconstruction work for Europe. The nations of the world should become sensitive of their co-responsibility for the fate of the expellees, who have suffered most from the hardship of our times.
The nations should act in accordance with their duties and their conscience as Christians.
The nations must realize that the fate of the German expellees, just as that of all refugees, is a world problem, the solution of which calls for the highest sense of moral responsibility and for a commitment to tremendous effort.
We therefore call upon all nations and men of good wilI , to join in the mutual endeavor to find a way out of guilt, misfortune, suffering, poverty and misery, which will lead us all to a better future.

Every year on the anniversary of the Proclamation announcement the Federation of Expellees is organizing the celebration called "Day of homeland " (Tag der Heimat) - the most important festival of the displaced Germans.

► One of the most influential Nazi directors banker Emil Puhl (see year 1949) was invited to the United States as a guest of honor. Since March Emil Puhl of March was a consultant to the Bank for International Settlements and in two years he'd become a member of the directors board.

BIS (Bank for International Settlements) was founded in 1930 by the governor of the Bank of England Montague Norman and Hjalmar Schacht, later Adolph Hitler's finance minister. The Bank was established in order to facilitate the transfers of funds linked to the German reparations under the Treaty of Versailles but already at the beginning of the Second World War BIS was largely controlled by the major Nazi officials. Some of them were: Walter Funk appointed Nazi propaganda minister in 1933, later minister of economy; another director of BIS in this period was Emil Puhl, who as director and vice president of the Reichsbank was responsible for the control of Nazi gold. Both Funk and Puhl were convicted in the Nuremberg trials for war crimes. Other directors of the BIS were Herman Schmitz director of IG Farben whose company was responsible for manufacturing Zyklon-B gas used to kill people in gas chambers; Baron von Schroeder owner of the JH Stein Bank, a bank that was holding Gestapo deposits. Despite the inglorious past BIS continues its work today, as a main management tool for global elites. Bank for International Settlements strength is maintained thanks to a huge amount of global currency. BIS has 712 tons of gold much of which was exported from the countries occupied by the Nazis who controlled the Bank during the war.

"The fact that the Nazis were closely involved in the activities of the global central bank, which is now touted as the basis for the world government's economic power, is frightening. Every time you get to know the historical roots of the world government, it turns out that the Nazis played a major role in the creation and administration of institutions that today are intended to bring a global governance "- writes Paul Joseph Watson in Prison Planet.

► September 1st. Top product of the Henkel company - washing powder "Persil" was back on the market.

► October 5th- 9th. In the Himmerod Abbey located in the Eifel, in the valley of Salm in Germany a meeting was held of the former Wehrmacht officers which was aimed at preparing the re-militarization of the German armed forces. The outcome of the meeting was a document called "Himmeroder Memorandum" which is regarded as a sort of Bundeswehr "birth certificate".The document outlined the rules of the West German contribution to defense in Europe.The convention was organized by Gerhard von Schwerin at the behest of the federal government. Gerhard von Schwerin was a military consultant of the Chancellor Konrad Adenauer. Adenauer commissioned him to design a "mobile Bundesgendarmerie" and to address the issues of security authorities in the Federation and the Länder. To accomplish this task Schwerin founded the department under the code name "Internal Services Center" (ZfH Zentrale fur Heimatdienst). Fifteen people were invited to the Himmerod Abbey by the ZfH, including ten former generals and admirals. Seven of them were later incorporated into the services of the Bundeswehr and two to the Federal Intelligence Services.

► October 19th. Bundestag passed a law concerning financial assistance for victims of war which came into force with retrospective effect from October the 1st. This Act provides the basic pension between 15 and 75 DM, as well as a compensatory allowance between 40 and 90 DM for war invalids depending on the degree of their disability.

► Establishment in Germany of a civil counterintelligence agency - the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution BfV dealing with counterintelligence and protection of the state secrets. The core of the BfV were (with the consent of the US and England) war criminals - the officers of the SD, Gestapo and Abwehr. Joining the counterintelligence many sought-Nazis bought themselves freedom and inviolability.

► As a part of the denazification process SS Gruppenfiihrer Heinz Reinefarth lived to the full rehabilitation and was qualified for the so-called category 5 of Nazis unencumbered: V. Persons Exonerated (German: Entlastete). No sanctions. Reinefarth then started a law practice in the town of Westerland where a year later he was elected a mayor and ended his political career as a member of the CDU in the national parliament of Schleswig-Holstein Landtag. A witness in the Reinefarth acquitting process was his friend also the Warsaw Uprising civilians execution - Erich von dem Bach, also acquitted by the German judiciary.

Heinz Reinefarth (in the center) with Arthur Greiser welcomes the millionth German resettled to the Warta Country during the German as part of  Heim ins Reich  foreign policy - March 1944 (source: Federal Archives,  Bundesarchiv ).

Heinz Reinefarth (in the center) with Arthur Greiser welcomes the millionth German resettled to the Warta Country during the German as part of Heim ins Reich foreign policy - March 1944 (source: Federal Archives, Bundesarchiv).

Heinz Reinefarth was a senior commander of the SS and police in Poznan and on 1st August 1944 he was sent to pacify Warsaw by Himmler's order. The exact number of victims killed by units led by Reinefarth is not known because in addition to killing civilians they also dealt with the liquidation of prisoners of war and wounded in military hospitals. The total number of victims of these crimes is estimated at around 200 000. For his part in suppressing the uprising Reinefarth received Oak Leaves to his Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on September 30, 1944. Despite numerous demands by Poland for the extradition of the criminal, the German authorities have consistently refused his release. Instead the government rewarded him with a general's retirement pension. He died on 7th May 1979 in his mansion on Sylt, never taking responsibility for his crimes.
►  Fritz ter Meer was discharged from prison, a German scientist and a war criminal who during World War II worked on the board of the IG Farben AG pharmaceutical company. The new formulations were tested on prisoners in Auschwitz. Fritz ter Meer was sentenced at Nuremberg trial to 7 years in prison. He was released after 4 years and became a chairman of the Bayer company's board, which belonged to the IG Farben corporation. During the hearing he stated that the he did not do any harm to the prisoners because "They were prisoners thus no particular harm was inflicted, as they would have been killed anyway."

► Carl Krauch was discharged from prison, a German chemist and a war criminal. During the war Krauch was a coordinator between the IG Farben and the authorities of the Third Reich and the Head of the Reich Committee for Economic expansion (Reichsamt für Wirtschaftsausbau). He was the chief representative of the German Reich in Italy. Carl Krauch was responsible for testing of new drugs on prisoners in Auschwitz. He was awarded the Iron Cross by Hitler and the Knight's Cross of Merit of war. Carl Krauch was sentenced in Nuremberg to six years in prison. Released from prison after two years Carl Krauch became a member of the supervisory board of the Chemische Werke Huls AG, the successor of IG Farben, as well as Chairman of the Board of Bayer, chairman of the board of Theodor Goldschmidt AG, deputy chairman of the supervisory board of Commerzbank and a board member of Waggonfabrik Uerdingen and United Industrial Enterprises AG (VIAG).
► Hermann Schmitz left prison - Nazi war criminal, from 1935 until the end of the war the president of the IG Farben AG. In 1941 Hitler gave Schmitz his portrait with an autograph in gratitude for his work for the Third Reich. After the release from prison Hermann Schmitz became a member of the Management Board of Deutsche Bank in Berlin, and a few years later the honorary chairman of the board of Rheinish smelter.