1946

► April 16th. 1000 Volkswagen cars manufactured since the end of the war leaves the factory assembly line.

Ferdynard Porshe (left), Adolf Hitler and Volkswagen engineers while discussing the prototype of the car.

Ferdynard Porshe (left), Adolf Hitler and Volkswagen engineers while discussing the prototype of the car.

During the war 15 thousand prisoners worked for the Volkswagen that constituted 80 percent of all the workers.
► June. As a result of a merge between two parties Deutsche Aufbau-Partei and Deutsche Konservative Partei (see year 1945) a new far-right political party is formed in Germany with its headquarters in Hamburg - German Right Party - Deutsche Rechtspartei DRP. It functioned as DRP in Lower Saxonia and as DRP-DKP (Deutsche Rechtspartei-Deutsche Konservative Partei) in other regions. The DRP program was based on authoritarianism and nationalism and promoted thesis of a nation without space. In Wolfsburg, an industrial city created during the national socialism known mainly from the Volkswagen factories, two years later the DRP party got 17 of 25 places in city’s council and in next year it implemented five ministers into the first postwar German Bundestag.
By the end of 1949 a breakdown of the party took place as a result of internal friction and some of the active members moved to the Socialist Reich Party.
► June 12th. An organization for European Economic Cooperation is created. ELEC - the first organisation aiming to unite Europe. One member of ELEC was "Hitler’s banker" the president of the Deutsche Bank supervisory board  and a close associate of the III Reich Economy Minister, the president of Reichsbank – Walter Funk. After the war Hermann Josef Abs sat in the supervisory boards of 24 biggest German companies. He was also a financial adviser for the first Chancellor of RFN Konrad Adenauer.
During the war Herman Abs was a director of Pittler AG, Leipzig factory making machine tools and he personally supervised the work of war prisoners in the factory and it's branch Mechanik GmbH Rochlitz. The document confirming this fact, signed by Abs himself, was revealed only 60 years after the war: "Ich bestätige den Eingang Ihres 4. Vierteljahresberichtes 1942, von dessen Inhalt ich dankend und mit Interesse Kenntnis genommen habe. Heil Hitler!”.
He "only" followed orders - on 15th March 1940 during the concentration camps commanders convention Heinrich Himmler ordered: "All qualified Polish workers should be used in our war industry, after that all Poles will disappear from the face of the earth. By exercising this responsible task you must in right time and period exterminate Poles."

Photo and work card of a seven-year old Jan Farjan, born April 3rd, 1936 (fragment of "Save the memory" exhibition panel from 2005), source: AFPNP

Photo and work card of a seven-year old Jan Farjan, born April 3rd, 1936 (fragment of "Save the memory" exhibition panel from 2005), source: AFPNP

By the year 1943 on account of the forced labor work the wealth of Deutsche Bank had grown four times.
► June. World Bank began its operation. Decision to form the World Bank was made at a conference in Bretton Woods in the USA in July 1944. The main purpose of its creation was the reconstruction of the cities in Europe and Japan destroyed by the World War II.
So called Bretton Woods system imposed on all countries the obligation to adopt monetary policy and to maintain the exchange rates in one percent fluctuation margin. In order to comply and control the system provisions the members of the conference in Bretton Woods have also brought to life the International Monetary Fund. The main purpose of the IMF was the stabilization of the exchange rates and an universal exchange of the IMF member countries currencies to gold.

► July 3rd. Organization "Odessa" was mentioned for the first time in the written form by Counter Intelligence Corps (CIC). A note from that day informs about identifying a secret organisation in the SS internment camp in Auerbach. The word "Odessa" wasn't the name of the organization it was a code which gave "special food privileges" from the Red Cross in Augsburg.
Another cells of this secret underground network from Auerbach were formed in Kempten, Rosenheim, Mannheim and Berchtesgaden. Initially it united the former SS members to provide them the feeling of solidarity and safety. Over time however their main purpose became organising on the mass scale escapes of German criminals, mainly to South America. The biggest war criminals used the underground net's help such as Adolf Eichmann, Josef Mengele, Franz Stangl, Klaus Barbie or Erich Priebke.
Organisations like "Odessa" have also provided legal, financial and social help to SS men. Some groups were called „Konsul”, „Scharnhorst”, „Sechsgestirn”, „Leibwache”, „Lustige Brüder”. It was generally accepted to call them „Organisation der SS-Angehörigen ehemaligen” (Organization for the former SS members), "ODESSA" in short.

Gradually declassified archives of Argentina, Brazil and Chile shows that 9000 Nazi criminals might have escaped to South America. Most under false names. Afterwards the fugitives had also brought their families and friends there. The archives show also that the Argentina’s president Juan Peron played a major role in saving the Nazi's. He sold 10000 blank passports to "ODESSA".
► October 1st. The end of the first, main Nuremberg trial against German criminals. For the first time in history, the rule of criminal liability of country leaders for international crimes was applied. Polish war correspondent Edmund Osmańczyk wrote back then: "The Nuremberg trial is intended to never make Third Reich leaders national heroes, for the German flag to never wave before the monuments of the criminals. For the future generations of Germans to acknowledge their guilt of bloodshed so that they could - and want - to repay the terrible debt to the rest of the world."
During the trial the accused had at their disposal: 27 attorneys, 54 applicants, 67 secretaries - graduates of law faculty. They were all Germans. The military tribunal was officiating in the Hitler's palace of Justice in Nuremberg. The place was chosen on purpose - it was here that "Pareitags" took place in the 30's with participation of Nazi leaders and in 1935 Nuremberg Laws were passed here.
The Tribunal held 403 sessions in 218 days of debates. 240 witnesses were questioned including two Poles: student Seweryna Szmaglewska and a tailor of Jewish origins Samuel Rajzman, a prisoner of Treblinka. The hearing was translated in 4 languages at the same time.
Nuremberg trial was fully recorded. The whole material consists of in total 7000 gramophone records and 27000 meters of cassette tapes. 185 had charges brought up against them. This number is especially striking when compared to the number of 70 million victims.
October 6th. The indictment of the first Nuremberg trial was published. In the document there is no word about the Warsaw Uprising, Palmiry massacre or street executions carried out by the infamous Kutscher. There is no word about mass deportations of Poles to the pain of "forced labor in the Reich". There is no Polish example in the discussion about "Private and public property robbery". The indictment hasn't found in Poland any instances of "imposition of fines in society" or for "malicious destruction of cities, towns and villages and devastation made outside of necessary military operations." Not one instance from Poland was stated for "forced recruitment of civilian labor" or "Germanization of occupied areas". The subject of Jewish ghettos in Polish cities was completely omitted.
► November 4th. Creation of UNESCO - United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (lat. Unesco - to merge into one). The organisation's purpose was to implement "intellectual and moral solidarity of the humanity" to prevent the third world war. Poland became a member of UNESCO on November the 6th.