1959

February 6th. Carl Wurster as BASF president hosted a banquet for IG Farben veterans. The ceremony was attended by Otto Ambros, Heinrich Bütefisch, Fritz Gajewski, Max Ilgner, Friedrich Jähne, Carl Krauch, Hans Kühne, Wilhelm Rudolf Mann, Christian Schneider and Fritz ter Meer (see 1950), and the widow of Carl Bosch.
In 1939, after Wehrmacht marched into Poland, Carl Wurster was patrolling the occupied territories to see which of the Polish chemical plants could be used to increase production of the Third Reich war needs. Wurster was called the "military economy leader" (Wehrwirtschaftsführer). He was a board member and the president of the Reich armament subsidiary of IG Farben - Cartel Degesch producing Zyklon B for the gas chambers of Auschwitz. In 1943 he was awarded a First Class War Merit Cross. Wusrter was put on trial before the Criminal Tribunal at Nuremberg but ultimately acquitted. And then followed the typical career of an "innocent" high profile Nazi criminal. Since 1952 - Wuster was a Chairman of the Board of the "new" BASF as well as of Duisburger Kupferhuette and Robert Bosch AG, also a board member of about 8 other major German companies, including Deutsche Bank. The same year Wurster was awarded the title of honorary professor of Heidelberg University, honorary doctorate at the University of Tübingen and honorary doctorate at Mannheim University. Since 1967 he was a deputy chairman of the Max-Planck German Society of Chemists. For his work Wurster was awarded the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany. At a time when Carl Wurster was a head of BASF, specifically in 1960, he discovered a young, promising employee named Helmut Kohl. Wurster took care of him and promote Kohl's political career, up to the German Chancellor office.
► February 13th, before the start of a trial, Werner Heyde - Action T4 programme leader, committed suicide. The T4 programme was designed to eliminate those selected as "unworthy of living", German "Vernichtung von lebensunwertem Leben" (see year 1958). As part of the T4 Action many people were murdered: patients with schizophrenia, epilepsy, people with disabilities and the sick staying in care for over 5 years.

Buses used for transport of the victims  (source:    dws-xip.pl/reich/zaglada/t41.html   )

Buses used for transport of the victims (source: dws-xip.pl/reich/zaglada/t41.html)

It is estimated that during the peak of the program execution, i.e. in 1940-1941, 70 273 sick and disabled people were killed, including the residents of psychiatric hospitals in the occupied territories. T4 abbreviation derived from the programme's office address located in Berlin at Tiergartenstraße 4. Action T-4 was preceded by a carefully orchestrated propaganda campaign.
German citizens were shown in newspapers cost calculations of maintaining facilities for each mentally ill and could also learn how much there is to gain if they were not there pointing out that the money would be transferred to the public for other purposes.

T4 Euthanasia programme's propaganda poster  (source:    dws-xip.pl/reich/zaglada/t4.html   )

T4 Euthanasia programme's propaganda poster (source: dws-xip.pl/reich/zaglada/t4.html)

After the war Heyde was interned and imprisoned but in 1947 he managed to escape. Initially Heyde was hiding and worked in s basement under the name of Fritz Sawade, then he continued his practice in Flensburg as athletes doctor and psychiatrist. Many friends and acquaintances knew his true identity but remained silent even when Heyde was a witness in court cases. His true identity was discovered accidentally in 1959 during a private quarrel after which he was sent to prison in Frankfurt.
► March 9th. On the day of her death Brigitte Frank, wife of Hans Frank so-called "the Butcher of Poland", said to her son: "You must now study law like your father. So you will also also grow into something great."
► It came to light that the last commandant of Treblinka Obersturmfuhrer SS Kurt Franz was alive and living in his pre-war hometown apartment in Dusseldorf, under his own name. During an inspection in his apartment a diary was found describing his initial involvement in Treblinka entitled "The most beautiful years of my life" (German "Die schönsten Jahre meines Lebens").
► November 27th. "Unpunished Nazi judiciary" - an exhibition in the Karlsruhe town hall and in 9 other cities in Germany- a group of German students gathered documents about 100 former Nazi lawyers with death sentences still working (15 years after the war) in the German justice system.
It turned out that about 1/3 of the officials in the office of the first post-war German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer and 1/4 members of the Bundestag were former NSDAP functionaries.
► The premiere of a German movie "The Bridge" ("Die Brüke"). It was the first German film aiming at coming to terms with the war times. The movie was about a group of young people from the youngest wartime generation appointed to the army at the very end of the war. Infected with the war propaganda they were dreaming about great fights and heroic deeds, while for the majority of them the war was over in a very short time. They died on the very border of their own town in a senseless and hopeless struggle against overwhelming American forces. Another character - an experienced Wehrmacht soldier was trying to stop the youth's immature enthusiasm however he got shot by an SS detachment. "The Bridge" presented deceived young Germans as the victims of the war propaganda, Wehrmacht soldier to be the voice of reason who's trying to save the lost young people and the only bad people were single SS-men.
Half a century later in 2008 a remake of the movie was made of the same title. And in 2013 another one with a new title: "Generation War" ("Unsere Mütter, unsere Väter").